Being a pioneering place of old British astronomy, the Royal Observatory in London Greenwich has been spotting for hundreds of years. It owed its existence in the 17th Century in Britain and was commissioned by King Charles II. In 1675, Sir Christofer Wren chose its location, which was primarily known for all the structures designed in London and across the United Kingdom. Although some people didn’t even know that he was the lecturer of astronomy at Oxford University and later on, this position led him to become the famous astrologer in front of King Charles’s. a commission had been establishing on the Observatory. Then the Greenwich site is chosen for Greenwich Observatory.
According to the British Longitude Act, the Observatory served as the prime Meridian’s primary home in 1714. It’s a navigational tool used by the sea sailors for timekeeping and navigation, too. Apart from this, the Greenwich Observatory is full of interesting facts as numerous contributions are there from all over the world. So, let’s check out some of this and see why this Observatory is critical and popular to all Londoners.
Before the discovery of the Observatory, there was no standardized technique for measuring time. It was very, very confusing, especially for the mariners who needed to maintain a standardized time for navigation so that they were able to measure the distance. At that time, Prime Meridian was used in Greenwich, and ships were synchronized according to Greenwich’s chronometers. They also used the Greenwich Mean Time zone to set up the line of longitude. In the middle of the 19th Century, mariners worldwide came to rely on this Greenwich Observatory by using their chronometers and assisting GMT to become a universal common standard for years.
Greenwich Observatory clock collections:
Greenwich is a landmark of time and distance. That’sThat’s why you can expect them to have a decent clock collection. Fortunately, this Royal Observatory doesn’t disappoint you when especially comes to timepieces. A list of revolutionary and historic watches is there, which measures the time and keeps track of time in different industries. One is a 20th Century famous Russian made F.M. Fedchenko pendulum clock. It can say that this clock can save the most accurate multiple copy timepieces in the world. The other one is The Shepherd Gate Clock, which is mounted on the outmost wall of the Observatory and provides a 24-hours usual display all the time. It ‘sits an electric synchronized or slave clock, and like this, you can see hundreds of slave clocks around the Observatory.
Once upon a time, when the Observatory was used as a scientific institution, it occupied 2.64 acres of land in a great expanse of what we can see as Greenwich Park. Later on, this park shifted to Herstmonceux in far East Sussex and allowed more free up space to use as a park. Once again, this park has become a public park, and lots of visitors come to visit this park because of its magnificent view from the hilly area. Additionally, it provides Thames stealing show, and the historical building backdrop from the hill gives a legally-protected view. It said that the site was once under King Henry VIII’s most favorite hunting place. Still, you can find lots of dear and other hunting animals in some sections of this park.
Stargazing place in Greenwich:
It is known that much astronomical research work was formerly conducted at the Greenwich Observatory, but now the position has been shifted elsewhere. However, still, the Royal Observatory is essential in terms of discovering anything into astronomy. Because this is the complicated home to the Peter Harrison Planetarium. This Planetarium keeps safely on the entertaining and educational astronomy shows as a projecting image of the night sky and universe into the domed roof. It is a 4.5 billion years old meteorite you can ever see. They always put sci-fi short films from time to time, which I projected onto the ceiling.
Besides this, it still serves a vital role as an astronomical observatory. It has the United Kingdom’s largest refracting telescope that you can see only in this Observatory.
The Royal Observatory Greenwich- Dropping the ball:
In this Observatory, a bright red called Time Ball sits on top of Flamsteed House. It’s one of the main building of the Greenwich complex. The specialty of this ball is it rises to the top of its pole each day. But when it began the ascent at 12.55 pm, it drops precisely at 1 pm. It is considered one of the prime and earliest time is gesturing device in the world. Because it first settled in 1833.
So, while visit this place, don’t forget to head into the red ball drop. Remember that you must reach a few minutes earlier to don’t miss and see the dropping. Else it won’t wait, and you may miss it.
Straddling the prime line:
Greenwich is the main home of the Prime Meridian. Since 1714 the central line is used to measure the distance across the world, and in 1884, Sir George Biddell Airy constructed the “Transit Circle” telescope. This telescope precisely defined the location or the position of the Meridian. Likewise, these eyepieces’ crosshairs stand exactly 0- degrees long longitude and clearly describe the Prime Meridians for all over the world. Even if the Earth’s crust shifts anywhere, it means the particular Meridian line changes from one side to another side. According to the official Meridian, the “Transit Telescope” remains the same in the original reference point. So, don’t ever miss the chance to see this telescope which you can only see in Greenwich.
See Brass Pegs:
if you want to get the right measurement, you can see brass pegs. It’s one of the best features of Greenwich Observatory, where a set of public standards of current length have been marked out. You can check the correct exact length of different imperial and majestic measurement units, such as a foot or a yard. It is found on the Observatory wall, and enough space is kept so that a rod can snuggly fit in the space. So, while visit, you can measure your length, and if it does not fit once you have done it against the markers, check out yourself. Maybe something wrong with you.
As European exploration and research in international trade were chosen up, King Charles II was interested in establishing an Observatory Royal to aid in the acceptance of navigation and astronomy. While building the Royal Observatory, he also created a post for the Astronomer Royal. As an employee, John Flamsteed becomes the first appointed person to this position, and there had been only 15 Astronomers Royal later appointed in this position. In the late 17th Century, Charles 11 created the position, and many of Charles’s instruments and documents were kept in the Observatory display. So, you can easily know about this well-renowned 15 Astronomers who worked from 1675 to the present during the visit. It’s totally free with the Greenwich gate pass.
Maritime World Heritage site:
As a time and distance conqueror, some of you might think that Royal Observatory Greenwich is an absolute place to go and visit? Well, the answer is, “Yes, of course.” Because its one of the entitled part of a UNESCO World Heritage site and especially Maritime Observatory is a collection of many astronomical attractions. It’s situated within Greenwich and in between Greenwich Park and provides importance to maritime history. It includes Cutty Sark, the last ever surviving tea clipper ship, the Old Royal Naval College, and other Baroque masterpieces. If you are interested in visiting this maritime, make sure the entrance ticket of these three maritime sites comes with the London pass. For that, you may have to pay some extra amount, but don’t forget to set the captain on the maritime site without delay.
Greenwich Observatory is considered the center of the world:
For a very long time, it thought that England and Britain are the centers of the world itself. In one sense and respect, it is true. Because the longitude marker called the Prime Meridian is running through the Observatory Greenwich and truly divides the whole world into the Eastern and Western parts hemisphere. Therefore every point on this earth is measured about its distance from east or west from the Meridian. So, wherever you are standing today, you can feet wither side of the longitude line and straddling the west and east halves of the planet.
So, this is all about Greenwich Observatory London. With this contemporary guide, you can explore how the great scientist first mapped the seas and the magnificent Charles II’s star discovery telescope. Christopher Wren’s well-designed Octagon room worked in 1675. You can also discover 100 years ago the great UK’s largest historic Equatorial Telescope and lots of other hidden treasures. So, try to visit all of these if possible and let us know your valuable comments below.