National Gallery London
National Gallery London is one of the famous and unconventional art museums in today’s world. It contains some of the most diverse and most significant paintings collections globally, such as French Impressionists artwork, the late medieval period, the Italian Renaissance, and much more. Located on the central Trafalgar Square, the museum was initially explicitly chosen because it was considered the “Heart” of central London. The museum was initially located in a small townhouse called Pall Mall, owned by the famous painter Angerstein. He had some 38 paintings in the museum, and later on, due to his vast collections, the museum was expanded and eventually moved into Trafalgar Square.
Today the National Museum has a vast collection of art and culture paintings. Da Vinci, Rembrandt, Monet, Van Gogh lining, etc., make no wonder why millions of artists and art lovers flock to this museum in London every year. The museum is limited to the artwork, but it also hosts numerous provisional exhibits throughout the year. It also organizes different family programs for adults and workshops for children, and concerts for a young person every week.
A detailed history of the National Gallery:
Although a short history has given in the intro now, I will explain the National Gallery’s glorious history so that you become more curious to visit this museum. This museum is full of historical events and was first founded in 1824, with 38 pictures bought by the British government. These pictures were collected by the former collector and banker John Julius Angerstein, and it consists of English, Dutch and Italian works.
In the leading 20 years, the National Gallery administration was criticized by the Londoners badly, which led think the government is implementing and reform the structure. They established the most for the museum directors whose responsibility is to shape and manage all the gallery collections. Therefore Sir Charles Eastlake was a member of the committee who traveled Europe and bought lots of famous artwork.
In 1831, the parliament agreed to construct a building when a landscaper painter and famous art collector Sir George Beaumont promised to make a gallery. The Gallery was suitable for display pictures, and that’s why all the paintings were accommodated in the Gallery. They started to build the building, but before the new building was completed, all the images were seamlessly displayed at the 100 Pall Mall, namely at Angerstein’s House.
In 1838 the building opened at Trafalgar Square, and William Wilkins designed the gallery building. This place is considered a central part of London, and the government also ensures that people should easily reach the museum on foot, and every class of people should enjoy the museum as much as possible.
The Gallery all extended with 77 paintings, which were based on Flemish and Dutch paintings in 1871. As the Gallery didn’t have much more space to offer, the government again asked to redesign the building. E.M barry, the famous archived submit the design, and a new wing was added with the museum as reconstruction in 1876. An impressive dome and seven new exhibition rooms in the east end were included in that construction.
Under this construction, the Gallery has a massive collection of drawings, paintings, and watercolors created by Italian and British artists, which were also impossible to display due to the lack of space. In 1985, Lord Sainsbury and his all relatives and brothers financed the construction work and enlarged the room according to the government and parliament changing decisions. Today the Gallery has 46,369 square meters total area where 2,300 paintings are collected, and it belongs to the public. So, I can say that it was established in the 13th century too – 20th century.
National Gallery London virtual tour:
As most of the important collections of art and painting in the world have in the National Gallery London, I suggest everyone add this place to visit at least once. No one can deny its lovely Gallery and museums, and that’s why I prefer to see them over and over again. One of the main reasons for this is that this museum’s entrance is completely free, and you can visit any time—no rush hours.
But again, I felt another problem regarding guidance. As the museum is large and has many exciting things to see, I couldn’t find useful advice and missed some exciting paintings. Thus, I have made this National Gallery London virtual tour guide and mentioned some must-see images. It would help if you did not miss these paintings in the Gallery, and for your convenience, I have done it quite impractical.
There are some dedicated rooms in the National Gallery, based on the painting’s period. There are four groups of rooms, and all the pictures are divided into that particular room. You can visit that room and get the artistic flavor.
Paintings from 1250 -1500
Painting from this period is located in the blue area in the main Sainsbury Wing. You can find Leonardo Da Vinci, Piero Della Francesca, Botticelli, and Raffaello paintings over there.
Paintings from 1500 -1600:
It is under the purple area, and you can find Michelangelo and Tiziano paintings in this place. Although at present, some rooms are closed for refurbishing in this area.
Paintings from 1600 to 1700:
It is marked as yellow, and you can see many famous paintings in this section, such as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, and Van Dyck. If you walk along from this room, you will also see some master class paintings from Spain and Italy like Velazquez and Caravaggio.
Paintings from 1700 to early 1900:
It is the last area and marked as green. You can find many English artists artists’ artworks like Constable and Turner and Impressionist photos like Cézannes, Seurat, Degas, Van Gogh, Monet, and many more. You can also see beautiful views of Canaletto and Venice by Guardi and admire many fabulous artworks.
Some best paintings:
Wheatfield With Cypresses-Van Gogh:
In 1889 the Wheatfield With Cypresses was painted by Van Gogh when he was a resident at the St. Remy mental asylum. After completion of this picture, he died after one year. This painting focused on a pair where depicted are the main thing, and for this, he used a softer palette version with greens and subtler blues. It thought that this painting is the inspiration for the portraits. Because the picture was taken from the window of the asylum because he was staying there, this painting was first exhibited in 1909, and in 1993 one of the pictures from this painting was sold in auction for $57 million.
Burlington House Cartoon -Leonardo da Vinci:
Arguably Leonardo da Vinci is the most interesting unfinished cartoon you can see in Burlington House Cartoon, although this is not famous as other Leonardo’s portraits. It is displayed in the darkened room where the visitor can see it. This painting is drawn between 1499 to 1500, approximately 20 years before Leonardo’s death. The sketch depicts the Virgin Mary sitting on the small lap of Saint Anne, her mother, and an infant Jesus Christ. Jesus Crist blessing the son John the Baptist. This cartoon is the most inspiration for Da Vinci and most impressive for its rights.
The Japanese Bridge- Monet:
It is one of the most prominent paintings displayed in the National Gallery. As Monet’s vision was intensely bold and fascinating in shading and colors, he painted the Japanese bridge in 1924.it takes five years, from 1919 to 1924, to complete the painting and completed it towards the end of his life. At that time, his sight was also failing. The outline of the bridge was located behind his house and correspondingly blurred made. Actually, Monet intended to express the “Insatiability of a universe that constantly changes under our eyes.” The shades of purple and blue and black are used to emphasize the picture’s meaning to express this.
Not just paintings, the National Gallery is prominent for sculptures too:
It is to consider that the National Gallery is only popular and famous for legendary paintings nut this is not all the case. With paintings, the Gallery is also an infrastructure of many fabulous sculptures. For example, it has an excellent carved sculpture of the first American president who is nothing but George Washington. The Commonwealth of Virginia gifted the sculpture to this Gallery. In 1921, King James II’s statue was found who ruled England, Ireland, and Scotland on 1685-1688 time. On top of this, the Gallery holds lots of other statues of many kings, queens, and leaders from the Roman Empire and Greece.
An incubator gallery:
The National Gallery is not only an art museum, but it also has other interesting facts, and that is it is working as an incubator gallery for the Royal Academy of Arts. Because the Royal Academy was built in 1768in Pall Mall mainly for the tutelage of art students interested in architecture, painting, and sculpture. Some yearly exhibitions used to be held in this academy, and later on, in 1838, the academy moved to National Gallery. So, this way, it works for the Royal Academy.